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BLOG | Building and Realty Industry Study: Builders Across the U.S. Expressed “A Cautious Optimism” in February

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Two consecutive solid monthly gains for builder confidence, spurred in part by easing mortgage rates, signal that the housing market may be turning a corner even as builders continue to contend with high construction costs and building material supply chain logjams.

Builder confidence across the U.S. in the market for newly built single-family homes in February rose seven points to 42, according to the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB)/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index (HMI) that was released on Feb. 15. The reading is the strongest since September of last year, the report said.

“With the largest monthly increase for builder sentiment since June 2013, excluding the period immediately after the onset of the pandemic, the HMI indicates that incremental gains for housing affordability have the ability to price-in buyers to the market,” said NAHB Chairman Alicia Huey, a custom home builder and developer from Birmingham, Ala. “The nation continues to face a sizeable housing shortage that can only be closed by building more affordable, attainable housing. However, the two monthly gains for the HMI at the start of 2023 match the cautious optimism noted by the large number of builders at the recent International Builders’ Show in Las Vegas, who reported a better start to the year than expected last fall.”

A Call for Help

Noting that the most challenging part of the home building market remains construction of entry-level homes, Huey called on policymakers to “help by reducing the cost of developing lots and building homes via regulatory reform.”

The average 30-year fixed rate mortgage rate peaked at 7.08 percent in October, according to Freddie Mac. Although rates declined to approximately 6.1 percent at the start of February, the 10-year Treasury Rate moved up more than 30 basis points during the past two weeks (prior to Feb. 15), indicating an increase for mortgage rates lies ahead, the NAHB report said.

“While the HMI remains below the breakeven level of 50, the increase from 31 to 42 from December to February is a positive sign for the market,” said NAHB Chief Economist Robert Dietz. “Even as the Federal Reserve continues to tighten monetary policy conditions, forecasts indicate that the housing market has passed peak mortgage rates for this cycle.”

Dietz added: “And while we expect ongoing volatility for mortgage rates and housing costs, the building market should be able to achieve stability in the coming months, followed by a rebound back to trend home construction levels later in 2023 and the beginning of 2024.”

And, the NAHB report said, while builders continue to offer a variety of incentives to attract buyers during this housing downturn, recent data indicate that the housing market is showing signs of stabilizing off a cyclical low:

  • 31 percent of builders reduced home prices in February, down from 35 percent in December and 36 percent in November.
  • The average price drop in February was 6 percent, down from 8 percent in December, and tied with 6 percent in November.
  • 57 percent offered some kind of incentive in February, down from 62 percent in December and 59 percent in November.

Derived from a monthly survey that NAHB has been conducting for more than 35 years, the NAHB/Wells Fargo HMI gauges builder perceptions of current single-family home sales and sales expectations for the next six months as “good,” “fair” or “poor.” The survey also asks builders to rate the traffic of prospective buyers as “high to very high,” “average” or “low to very low.” Scores for each component are then used to calculate a seasonally adjusted index where any number over 50 indicates that more builders view conditions as good than poor, NAHB officials said.


The NAHB report said that all three HMI indices posted gains for the second consecutive month. The HMI index gauging current sales conditions in February rose six points to 46, the component charting sales expectations in the next six months increased 11 points to 48 and the gauge measuring the traffic of prospective buyers increased six points to 29.

Looking at the three-month moving averages for regional HMI scores, the Northeast rose four points to 37, the Midwest edged one-point higher to 33, the South increased four points to 40 and the West moved three points higher to 30, the report added. HMI tables can be found at nahb.or/hmi, NAHB officials said.

This article was featured in the Feb/Mar ’23 issue of IMPACT. View it here

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